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Very close up shot of wheat crop ears in field

Report: 17 June 2013 (for week beginning 17 June 2013)

Report compiled by Farming Online from reports received from members of the Association of Independent Crop Consultants

: 17 June 2013. The early sown crops of wheat are just starting to flower which is the latest we have recorded over the last six years. There is a lot of concern that flowering is going to coincide with wet weather raising the threat of a repeat of last year's Fusarium outbreak. Winter oilseed rape crops are slowly returning to green although there are a lot of crops still at mid flowering.

Orange blossom midge levels low.:

Earliest winter wheat starting to flower.:

Fusarium ear blight risk high:

Winter Wheat

image from FoL

Flowering just starting in forward crops (picture courtesy Farming Online).).

South East: With ears emerging/emerged and odd crops just starting to flower, we definitely don't want wet and muggy conditions to encourage ear diseases. Many September and early October sown crops now have ears 2/3 to fully emerged, with later autumn sown crops now with ears splitting the boot.

Septoria tritici: Some relatively high levels of infection are evident on leaf 5 and below in September sown wheats. Some infection has also been noted on the tip of final leaf 2 in October sown Gallant and Solstice - otherwise most wheats still have virtually no infection on the top four leaves.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Controlled by T2 fungicides.

Eyespot: Stem based browning and some eyespot lesions now showing.

Weed control: Blackgrass control showing mixed results.

Eastern Counties: Majority of wheat crops have ears emerging to fully emerged on the more forward crops.

Septoria tritici: Trace levels on lower leaves.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Trace levels.

Eyespot: Stem browning and eyespot more visible now.

Weed control: There is a lot of bindweed, knotgrass, fat hen and charlock coming through late.

Orange blossom midge: Only low levels caught in traps so far.

East Midlands: Most crops at flag emerged with some at ear emergence. Field conditions good but wet and windy weather is slowing fieldwork.

Septoria tritici: Top four leaves remain very clean and most flag sprays went on to give good coverage.

Yellow Rust: No new sightings.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Very low levels mainly at stem base.

Eyespot: Levels are low with many stems clean.

Weed control: Blackgrass control although not total has been surprisingly good considering the late spraying, but suspected resistance cases continue to be found.

West Midlands: The most forward wheat crops are now just starting to flower. Majority of crops are at 3/4 to full ear emergence and even the late sown crops are rapidly catching up.

Septoria tritici: Still confined to the bottom of the crop. Later sown crops are clean to the ground.

Yellow Rust: No fresh sightings.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Although present it has not developed.

Fusarium/Eyespot: Only at low levels.

Weed control: Late flush of wild oats.

North East: Most Winter wheat GS 39-59. Forward crops now have ear fully emerged whilst others are at booting stage.

Septoria tritici: Active on lower leaves of some varieties but still not moving up the crop.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: None seen.

Orange blossom midge: Odd ones caught in pheromone traps.

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Winter Oilseed Rape

image from FoL

Seed weevil (photo courtesy Farming Online)

South East: Around 50% of crops are now at pods set stage, with remaining crops around mid-flowering.

Sclerotinia: Control now complete.

Seed Weevil: Only low levels now.

Eastern Counties: Early crops have lost most of the flowers quite quickly whereas backward crops remain in full flower.

Sclerotinia: All flowering fungicide sprays now completed.

Seed Weevil: Very few.

Weed control: Expecting a lot of weed to show above uncompetitive crops, poppies, bugloss on light land; shepherds purse is thick on some heavier soils. Very poor areas of crop have been sprayed off 10 days or so again where the weeds are going to out compete the crop.

East Midlands: Most crops in last 2 weeks of flowering although a few late ones may be flowering for next 3 weeks, crops are generally short and not overthick!

Sclerotinia: All second Sclerotinia sprays have been applied on better crops.

Seed Weevil: No reports of major weevil numbers.

Weed control: Reports of cleavers starting to recover after herbicides in thin areas where no crop competition, same with mayweed.

West Midlands: Crops still range from mid flowering to petal fall with some of the earlier crops now turning predominantly green again.

Sclerotinia: Second Sclerotinia sprays have been applied on later flowering crops.

Seed Weevil: Numbers of weevil have remained low with none at sprayable levels.

North East: Crops still range from mid to late flowering. Crops are generally short, especially the late plantings.

Seed Weevil: None seen.

Pollen Beetle: Levels much lower than previous years.

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Winter Barley

South East: Crops are now generally at ears emerged, but still around 7-10 days behind normal. All crops remain short, even Volume, consequently very few have had late PGRs applied. T2 applications have all been completed and disease levels remain very low. No further action until the combine arrives!

Eastern Counties: Crops are fully out in ear now.

East Midlands: Awns emerging and T2 on so now gates shut. Crops remain clear of all diseases and look generally well but a bit short.

West Midlands: Ears fully emerged in most crops. Disease levels remain low.

North East: Most crops at ear emergence and have improved in appearance.

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Crop Report compiled by Farming Online from reports received from members of the Association of Independent Crop Consultants.

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