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Very close up shot of wheat crop ears in field

Report: 28 June 2013 (for week beginning 24 June 2013)

Report compiled by Farming Online from reports received from members of the Association of Independent Crop Consultants

: 28 June 2013. A more settled period has meant that many have caught up with field work with T3 fungicides on wheat nearly finished. Oilseed rape crops continue to frustrate as they slowly come to the end of flowering. Desiccation of these crops will probably be another three to four weeks away making this a particularly late start to harvest this year.

: Earliest winter wheat at end of flowering.

: Fusarium ear blight risk high.

: Pollen beetle numbers low in spring oilseed rape.

: Check spring wheat for blossom midge.

: Stem based diseases showing up in wheat.

Winter Wheat

image from FoL

Anthers showing on wheat ear (picture courtesy Farming Online).

South East: Flowering completed in many crops. T3 applications well on their way.

Septoria tritici: Still have virtually no infection on the top 4 leaves.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Controlled by T2 fungicides.

Eyespot: Stem based browning and some eyespot lesions now showing.

Weed control: Blackgrass control showing mixed results.

Eastern Counties: Most will have ear washes well underway on wheat, if not completed. There are a few late fields where ears will be through over the next few days. Untreated plots at Thaxted are showing signs of disease coming in, with yellow rust in the Solstice and S. tritici taking hold on leaf 2 of some plants. With around 50mm rainfall through May, although June has been drier certainly compared with last year, there should be responses to controlling rusts and septoria.

Septoria tritici: Trace levels on lower leaves.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Trace levels.

Eyespot: Stem browning and eyespot more visible now.

East Midlands: Many crops have ear emergence with some at early flowering. Later drilled crops at boot splitting to ear emergence. A good number of crops look far better than anyone would have thought three months ago, but roadside views can be deceiving with many crops thinner than they look. T3 sprays going on now.

Septoria tritici: Top three or four leaves remain clean and far better than this time last year. Many crops clean from leaf 1 to leaf 4 with very good fungicide control.

Yellow Rust: Very little seen apart from in some unsprayed plots.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Very low levels mainly at stem base.

Eyespot: Levels are low with many stems clean.

Weed control: Late germinating wild oats showing in a few fields. Fat hen and knotgrass continue to emerge in thin and open patches.

West Midlands: September sown wheat crops now finished or close to finishing flowering. Early October sown crops are close behind. Late winter sowings now have ears fully out and just about to start flowering. In general crops have improved in appearance and even look quite promising.

Septoria tritici: Still confined to the bottom of the crop. Many crops are clean to the ground.

Yellow Rust: No fresh sightings.

Brown Rust: None seen.

Mildew: Has appeared in the bottom of quite a few crops over the last fortnight.

Fusarium/Eyespot: Quite of lot of stem bases showing brown lesions.

Weed control: Late flush of wild oats.

North East: Most crops now beginning to or mid way through flowering.

Septoria tritici: Active on lower leaves of some varieties but still not moving up the crop.

Yellow Rust: None seen.

Brown Rust: Visible on a crop where the T2 spray was late ? JB diego

Mildew: None seen.

Sharp Eyespot: All winter wheats infected to various levels. More advanced on early plantings.

Orange blossom midge: Odd ones caught in pheromone traps.

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Winter Oilseed Rape

image from FoL

Pod set (picture courtesy Farming Online).

South East: Around 80% of crops are now at pods set stage, with remaining crops around mid to late flowering.

Seed Weevil: Only low levels now.

Eastern Counties: Most crops are out of flower except for a few very badly pigeon damaged ones which are very short but seem to be flowering well. All growers are debating how they will time desiccation with such uneven crops and believe we will be applying glyphosate a good 10 days later than usual.

Weed control: Poppies are the main problem weed coming through thin areas of crop. Elsewhere crops aren't too weedy as most of the rape was drilled and a pre-emergent used.

East Midlands: Continues to frustrate with some crops having a burst of flowering in past two weeks and looking more like late May than late June ? September harvest looks more likely each week. Spring rape crops at yellow bud to early flowering, with earlier drilled ones flowering well.

Pollen Beetle: Levels low in spring rape.

Seed Weevil: No reports of major weevil numbers.

Weed control: Reports of cleavers starting to recover after herbicides in thin areas where no crop competition, same with mayweed.

West Midlands: All light land crops/early varieties have now turned green with the balance of crops mainly now holding on to pigeon damaged areas.

Weed control: Poppies making an appearance in a few crops.

North East: Crops still range from mid to end of flowering. Crops are generally short and especially the late plantings.

Seed Weevil: None seen.

Pod Midge: In small amounts - not expected to see much, as fewer insects seen this year.

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Crop Report compiled by Farming Online from reports received from members of the Association of Independent Crop Consultants.

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